PGE2 Stimulates Bone Formation and Resorption In Mouse Cells

Abstract

Prostaglandin E2 stimulates osteoclast-like cell formation and bone-resorbing activity via osteoblasts: role of cAMP-dependent protein kinase.

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is an important local regulator in bone. The present study was performed to investigate the effect of PGE2 on osteoclast-like cell formation and bone-resorbing activity of mature osteoclasts in the presence or absence of osteoblasts, PGE2 (10(-8) to 10(-6) M) significantly stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation in osteoblast-containing mouse bone cell cultures, although it did not affect osteoclast-like cell formation from hemopoietic blast cells supported by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in osteoblast-free mouse spleen cell cultures. The conditioned medium from osteoblastic UMR-106 cells pretreated with PGE2 (10(-8) and 10(-6) M) significantly stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation from hemopoietic blast cells. PGE2 also significantly stimulated the bone-resorbing activity of mature osteoclasts in osteoblast-containing mouse bone cell cultures. In contrast, PGE2 significantly inhibited the bone-resorbing activity and osteopontin mRNA expression in isolated rabbit osteoclasts. Rp-cAMPS, a direct protein kinase (PKA) antagonist, significantly inhibited PGE2-stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation and the bone-resorbing activity of mature osteoclasts, although protein kinase C inhibitors, dantrolene (an inhibitor of calcium release from the intracellular calcium pool) and voltage-dependent calcium channel blockers did not affect PGE2-stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation. In conclusion, PGE2 stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation and bone-resorbing activity in mouse bone cell cultures presumably through osteoblasts. The activation of PKA is linked to PGE2-stimulated osteoclast-like cell formation and bone-resorbing activity.

Kaji H, Sugimoto T, Kanatani M, Fukase M…
J. Bone Miner. Res. Jan 1996
PMID: 8770698

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