Involvement of PI3K/Akt/CREB and redox changes in mitochondrial defect of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.
Antimycin A (AMA) is an inhibitor of mitochondrial electron transport via its binding to complex III. In the present study, the mechanisms involved in AMA-induced cell damage were investigated. Treatment of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells with AMA decreased adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) level, activities of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and Akt (protein kinase B), and phosphorylated CREB (cAMP-response element-binding protein).
To examine whether AMA-induced cell damage involves altered metabolism of pyridine nucleotides, the levels of NAD(+), NADH, NADP(+), and NADPH were measured. Treatment with AMA significantly decreased the levels of NAD(+) and NADPH. Moreover, the activities of aconitase and thioredoxin reductase were decreased by AMA treatment. These results suggest that PI3K/Akt/CREB pathway and pyridine nucleotide (NAD(+) and NADPH) are related to mitochondria function of osteoblasts.
Choi EM, Lee YS
Toxicol In Vitro Aug 2011