Zinc suppresses IL-6 synthesis by prostaglandin F2alpha in osteoblasts: inhibition of phospholipase C and phospholipase D.
We previously reported that prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) induces phosphoinositide hydrolysis by phospholipase C and phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis by phospholipase D through heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein, resulting in the activation of protein kinase C (PKC) in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells and that PGF2alpha stimulates the synthesis of interleukin-6 (IL-6) via PKC-dependent p44/p42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation. In the present study, we investigated whether zinc affects the PGF2alpha-induced IL-6 synthesis in these cells. Zinc complex of l-carnosine (l-CAZ) dose-dependently suppressed the PGF2alpha-stimulated IL-6 synthesis. In addition, zinc alone reduced the IL-6 synthesis. L-CAZ suppressed the PGF2alpha-induced p44/p42 MAP kinase phosphorylation. However, the p44/p42 MAP kinase phosphorylation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a direct activator of PKC, or NaF, a direct activator of GTP-binding protein, was not affected by l-CAZ. l-CAZ reduced the PGF2alpha-stimulated formation of inositol phosphates and choline. However, l-CAZ did not affect the formation of inositol phosphates or choline induced by NaF. These results strongly suggest that zinc reduces PGF2alpha-induced IL-6 synthesis via suppression of phosphoinositide-hydrolyzing phospholipase C and phosphatidylcholine-hydrolyzing phospholipase D in osteoblasts.
Hatakeyama D, Kozawa O, Otsuka T, Shibata T…
J. Cell. Biochem. 2002
Osteoblasts secrete IL-6 to stimulate osteoclast formation. Reducing IL-6 should help reduce resorption.