Vitamin K2 (MK4) Inhibits Bone Resorption Through Inhibition of PGE2 In Vitro

Abstract

Menatetrenone inhibits bone resorption partly through inhibition of PGE2 synthesis in vitro.

We studied the effect of menatetrenone, a vitamin K2 homolog, on bone resorption stimulated by interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3]. Bone-resorbing activity was assessed by measurement of calcium and hydroxyproline in the media and calvariae. IL-1 alpha (0.1-100 U/ml), 1,25-(OH)2D3 (10(-10)-10(-7) M), PGE2 (10(-9)-10(-6) M), and PTH (3 x 10(-8)-3 x 10(-7) M) dose dependently increased the levels of calcium and hydroxyproline in the medium. Indomethacin (10(-6) M) completely inhibited bone resorption induced by IL-1 alpha and partially inhibited bone resorption induced by 1,25-(OH)2D3. However, indomethacin did not affect the action of PGE2 or PTH. Menatetrenone (3 x 10(-6)-3 x 10(-5) M) inhibited the bone resorption induced by IL-1 alpha (2 U/ml), PGE2 (10(-7) M), PTH (3 x 10(-7) M), and 1,25-(OH)2D3 (3 x 10(-10) M) in a dose-dependent manner. Menatetrenone also inhibited the PGE2 production stimulated by IL-1 alpha. These results indicate that menatetrenone may inhibit bone resorption through at least two different mechanisms; one possibly is an inhibitory effect on prostaglandin production.

Hara K, Akiyama Y, Tajima T, Shiraki M
J. Bone Miner. Res. May 1993
PMID: 8511981

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