Lipoic Acid Helps Prevent Bone Destruction in Arthritic Mice

Abstract

Dietary alpha lipoic acid supplementation prevents synovial inflammation and bone destruction in collagen-induced arthritic mice.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by chronic inflammation and joint destruction. In this study, we investigated whether dietary supplementation with alpha lipoic acid (ALA) suppresses collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. Mice were randomly divided into three groups: (1) a control CIA group was fed a normal diet, (2) a CIA group was fed a 0.1% ALA diet (average ALA intake of 160 mg/kg/day), and (3) a CIA group was fed a 0.5% ALA diet (average ALA intake of 800 mg/kg/day). The ALA-fed mice showed a decreased incidence and severity of arthritis compared to the normal diet group. Radiographic findings revealed a dramatic decrease in bone destruction, and histological findings showed extensively suppressed pathological changes in the ALA-fed mice. The ALA-fed mice exhibited inhibited generation of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive osteoclasts in vivo. Additionally, ALA-fed mice reduced production of various proinflammatory cytokines and the soluble receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (sRANKL) in the joint tissues and the sera. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with ALA attenuated inflammatory responses and bone destruction in CIA mice.

Hah YS, Sung MJ, Lim HS, Jun JS…
Rheumatol. Int. Dec 2011
PMID: 20496068

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