Stimulative activity of Drynaria fortunei (Kunze) J. Sm. extracts and two of its flavonoids on the proliferation of osteoblastic like cells.
The osteoblastic activity of extracts of Drynaria fortunei (Kunze) J. Sm. rhizome was assayed in the UMR106 cell line cultured in vitro. An ethanol extract and its fractions were added to the cell culture at different concentrations. Osteoblastic proliferation stimulating activity was determined using the MTT method. The ethanol extract, and its ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions exhibited stimulating activity. Two active constituents were isolated from n-butanol fraction by bioassay-directed isolation, and identified as naringin and neoeriocitrin. The latter is reported for the first time from this herbal medicine.
Li F, Meng F, Xiong Z, Li Y…
Pharmazie Nov 2006
Comparison of neoeriocitrin and naringin on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in MC3T3-E1.
Naringin is considered the main effective compound of Drynaria Rhizome, which is used commonly in the treatment of osteoporosis in traditional Chinese medicine. However, we found neoeriocitrin, a new compound isolated from Drynaria Rhizome, showed a better activity than naringin on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in MC3T3-E1. Both neoeriocitrin and naringin exhibited the best effect on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation at concentration of 2μg/ml. Neoeriocitrin more significantly improved proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity as well as up-regulated Runx2, COLI and OCN expression by 56%, 37% and 14% respectively than naringin. Furthermore, neoeriocitrin could rescue the inhibition effect of cell differentiation induced by PD98059 to some degree. Therefore, neoeriocitrin may be a new promising candidate drug for treatment of osteoporosis.
Li L, Zeng Z, Cai G
Phytomedicine Aug 2011