Category Archives: D-Chiro-Inositol

D-Pinitol Inhibits Osteoclasts in Rats


D-pinitol inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis.

Numerous studies have indicated that inflammatory cytokines play a major role in osteoclastogenesis, leading to the bone resorption that is frequently associated with osteoporosis. D-pinitol, a 3-methoxy analogue of D-chiroinositol, was identified as an active principle in soy foods and legumes. Here we found that D-pinitol markedly inhibited the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastic differentiation from bone marrow stromal cells and RAW264.7 macrophage cells. In addition, D-pinitol also reduced RANKL-induced p38 and JNK phosphorylation. Furthermore, RANKL-mediated increase of IKK, IκBα, and p65 phosphorylation and NF-κB-luciferase activity was inhibited by D-pinitol. However, D-pinitol did not affect the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. In addition, D-pinitol also prevented the bone loss induced by ovariectomy in vivo. Our data suggest that D-pinitol inhibits osteoclastogenesis from bone marrow stromal cells and macrophage cells via attenuated RANKL-induced p38, JNK, and NF-κB activation, which in turn protect bone loss from ovariectomy.

Liu SC, Chuang SM, Tang CH
Int. Immunopharmacol. Mar 2012
PMID: 22269833

D-Chiro-Inositol Inhibits Osteoclasts In Vitro


D-chiro-inositol negatively regulates the formation of multinucleated osteoclasts by down-regulating NFATc1.

Osteoclasts (OCs) are multinucleated giant cells that resorb bone matrix. Accelerated bone destruction by OCs might cause several metabolic bone-related diseases, such as osteoporosis and inflammatory bone loss. D-pinitol (3-O-methyl-D-chiro-inositol) is a prominent component of dietary legumes and is actively converted to D-chiro-inositol, which is a putative insulin-like mediator. In this study, we analyzed the effect of D-chiro-inositol on OC differentiation.
To analyze the role of D-chiro-inositol on OC differentiation, we examined OC differentiation by the three types of osteoclastogenesis cultures with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and solution assay. Then, we carried out cell fusion assay with purified TRAP(+) mononuclear OC precursors. Finally, we analyzed the effect of D-chiro-inositol on OC maker expression in response to the regulation of nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1).
We demonstrated that D-chiro-inositol acts as an inhibitor of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand-induced OC differentiation. The formation of multinucleated OCs by cell-cell fusion is reduced by treatment with D-chiro-inositol in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, we demonstrated that D-chiro-inositol inhibits the expression of several osteoclastogenic genes by down-regulating NFATc1.
We have shown that D-chiro-inositol is negatively involved in osteoclastogenesis through the inhibition of multinucleated OC formation by cell-cell fusion. The expression of NFATc1 was significantly down-regulated by D-chiro-inositol in OCs and consequently, the expression of OC marker genes was significantly reduced. Hence, these results show that D-chiro-inositol might be a good candidate to treat inflammatory bone-related diseases or secondary osteoporosis in diabetes mellitus.

Yu J, Choi S, Park ES, Shin B…
J. Clin. Immunol. Dec 2012
PMID: 22711011