p-Hydroxycinnamic Acid Prevents Bone Loss in Diabetic Rats

Abstract

Oral administration of phytocomponent p-hydroxycinnamic acid has a preventive effect on bone loss in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

The phytocomponent p-hydroxycinnamic acid (HCA) has been shown to have a stimulatory effect on bone formation and an inhibitory effect on bone resorption in rat femoral tissues in vitro. The preventive effect of HCA on bone loss induced in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats was investigated in vivo. Rats received a single subcutaneous administration of STZ (6.0 mg/100 g body weight), and then the animals were orally administered HCA (0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 mg/100 g body weight) once daily for 14 days. STZ administration caused a significant decrease in body weight and a significant increase in serum glucose, triglyceride, and calcium levels, indicating a diabetic state. These alterations were significantly prevented by administration of HCA (0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 mg/100 g). Calcium content in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues was significantly decreased in STZ-diabetic rats. This decrease was significantly prevented after administration of HCA (0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 mg/100 g). Alkaline phosphatase activity in the diaphyseal and metaphyseal tissues was significantly decreased in STZ-diabetic rats. The decrease in diaphyseal alkaline phosphatase activity in STZ-diabetic rats was significantly prevented after administration of HCA (0.5 and 1.0 mg/l00 g). The diaphyseal DNA content was also significantly decreased in STZ-diabetic rats. Administration of HCA (0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 mg/100 g) caused a significant increase in DNA content in the diaphyseal and metaphyseal tissues in STZ-diabetic rats. This study demonstrates that the intake of HCA has preventive effects on bone loss in STZ-diabetic rats, and that the intake has partially restorative effects on serum biochemical findings in the diabetic state.

Yamaguchi M, Uchiyama S, Lai YL
Int. J. Mol. Med. May 2007
PMID: 17390086

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