Ethanol Extracts of Fresh Davallia formosana (WL1101) Inhibit Osteoclast Differentiation by Suppressing RANKL-Induced Nuclear Factor- κ B Activation.
The rhizome of Davallia formosana is commonly used to treat bone disease including bone fracture, arthritis, and osteoporosis in Chinese herbal medicine. Here, we report the effects of WL1101, the ethanol extracts of fresh rhizomes of Davallia formosana on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis. In addition, excess activated bone-resorbing osteoclasts play crucial roles in inflammation-induced bone loss diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis. In this study, we examined the effects of WL1101 on receptor activator of nuclear factor- κ B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis. Treatment with WL1101 significantly inhibited RANKL-stimulated osteoclastogenesis. Two isolated active compounds, ((-)-epicatechin) or WL14 (4-hydroxy-3-aminobenzoic acid) could also inhibit RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis. WL1101 suppressed the RANKL-induced nuclear factor- κ B (NF- κ B) activation and nuclear translocation, which is the key process during osteoclastogenesis, by inhibiting the activation of I κ B kinase (IKK) and I κ B α . In animal model, oral administration of WL1101 (50 or 200 mg/kg/day) effectively decreased the excess bone resorption and significantly antagonized the trabecular bone loss in ovariectomized rats. Our results demonstrate that the ethanol extracts of fresh rhizomes of Davallia formosana inhibit osteoclast differentiation via the inhibition of NF- κ B activation and effectively ameliorate ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis. WL1101 may thus have therapeutic potential for the treatment of diseases associated with excessive osteoclastic activity.
Lin TH, Yang RS, Wang KC, Lu DH…
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2013
PMID: 24191169 | Free Full Text
Antiosteoporotic activity of Davallia formosana.
In Taiwanese folk medicine, Davallia formosana is used to treat bone diseases, including osteoporosis. This study evaluated the anti-osteoporotic effect of ethanolic extract derived from Davallia formosana (DFE). In this in vitro study, we investigated the inhibitory action of DFE on RANKL-stimulated osteoclastogenesis. The in vivo effects of DFE on bone metabolism were evaluated using ovariectomized (OVX) rats orally administered DFE (200, 500 mg/kg), alendronate (2.5 mg/kg, three times a week) or its vehicle for 12 weeks.
This in vitro study demonstrated that DFE inhibited osteoclast differentiation, and also isolated the active component, (-)-epicatechin 3-O-β-D-allopyranoside (ECAP). DFE did not affect the body or vaginal weight in OVX rats. The bone mineral density and bone calcium content in OVX rats were lower in the control group showing that DFE was able to prevent significant bone loss. In addition, the three point bending test and the microcomputer tomography scanning showed that DFE treatment enhanced bone strength and inhibited the deterioration of trabecular microarchitecture. In the biochemical assay, DFE decreased urinary deoxypyridinoline and calcium concentrations, but did not inhibit serum alkaline phosphatase activities, indicating that it ameliorated bone loss via inhibition of bone reabsorption. These results suggest that DFE may represent a useful remedy for the treatment of bone reabsorption diseases such as osteoporosis. In addition, ECAP could be used as a marker compound to control the quality of DFE.
Ko YJ, Wu JB, Ho HY, Lin WC
J Ethnopharmacol Jan 2012